What Kinds of Practice and Feedback Enhance Learning?
I have attached a PowerPoint below that discusses the various kinds of practice and feedback to enhance learning. I have also included the written narration of each PowerPoint slide.
Learning Processes Movie
The learning processes video will help the viewer develop key strategies to use in the classroom.
Text of Audio Narration
Strategies in the Learning Process
Hello, my name is Katie and I will be speaking to you today about strategies instructors can use in the classroom to help enhance the learning process. As instructors we must be aware of the various strategies that we are able to incorporate in our everyday teaching to help create higher knowledge on concepts being taught in the classroom.
Prior Knowledge is a great strategy to help determine a students’ knowledge on the concept.
When students walk into the classroom they have obtained information that may or may not be correct that they have learned from outside experiences. As an instructor we must be able to distinguish the knowledge students’ have obtained on a concept, before any learning or teaching can begin (Ambrose, Bridges, Dipietro, Lovett, Norman, 2010) . Prior knowledge is a great strategy to help determine a student’s knowledge on a concept. As an instructor you may use pre and post tests, classroom discussions, or concept mapping to help determine how much knowledge a student has in regards to the material being taught (Willingham, 2006). Prior knowledge helps the instructor create a baseline to help build upon any pre existing knowledge a student may have on a topic.
Students are able to organize information in their mind that they are able to build upon with new information.
Students are taught various concepts throughout the years, but how much of it do they retain? Each individual organizes their knowledge differently in their mind. One individual may base concepts on real life knowledge or skills, while another individual may organize concepts by their interests. As an instructor you may create higher level questions, incorporate real world concepts, or interconnect information through cross curricular subjects (Willingham 2006). These types of strategies will help students organize the information being taught effectively, which means they are able to pull the information from their mind quickly as well as build upon the knowledge they have on the concept (Ambrose et al., 2010).
Motivation is a key strategy to help students become interested in learning a new concept.
Individuals can be motivated by many factors that will help them achieve their goals. The two basic types of motivation are intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. Intrinsic motivation consists of individuals being motivated by the inner self awareness of completing the goal. Extrinsic motivation consists of an individual being motivated by outside interests such as money, high status job, or positive praise. Instructors need to be creative and motivated to help engage students to achieve their goals. A few examples to help build motivation in the classroom would be to create incentives, a reward system, or connecting information to students interests (Haskvitz, A. 2002). Instructors may also connect information to real world problems that are relatable to students. As always instructors need to show enthusiasm towards the subject matter being taught to help engage and motivate students to learn (Ambrose et al., 2010). If you show passion and excitement towards the subject matter your students will surely follow your lead.
Students will transfer their knowledge throughout the years of their life.
Individuals continually build and transfer knowledge throughout their life. As individuals go through life they become more knowledgeable on various subject matters. These individuals become experts on the topic they are teaching. As expert instructors it may be hard for students to follow the subject matter being taught, because they are not experts on the subject matter. Instructors can implement a scaffolding method to help slowly transition students through the information they are being taught so eventually they are able to think about the topic in a more in depth level without any queues from the instructor (Ambrose et al., 2010).
Instructors must provide adequate feedback to enhance student learning in the classroom.
Feedback is a key concept to help promote student growth on a subject matter. Feedback must be incorporated through timing, amount, and balance. If students are not given feedback fast enough or receive very little feedback their knowledge of the concept will not improve (Ambrose et al., 2010). As instructors we must provide a fast turn around when providing feedback as well as provide a balance of strengths and weaknesses that students can improve upon. Feedback takes time and patient to work upon with students, but the end result will ensure students will gain higher knowledge on the concept being taught.
The conclusion of strategies in the learning process.
The brain is a puzzle that as instructors we will slowly piece together to help build higher level thinking in our students. The strategies discussed are great skills to incorporate in everyday classrooms to help connect student and educator learning processes.